How EVs work

EVs look just like other vehicles, except they use a battery to store electric energy that powers the motor. The battery is charged by plugging in the vehicle to an electric power source.

Some EVs can drive more than 300 miles on a single charge. That means you could drive from Tucson to Flagstaff without stopping. Private and public charging stations are more common than ever before, enabling EV owners to travel farther without sacrificing convenience.

According to the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), more than 20,000 electric charging stations and 68,800 charging outlets have been installed throughout the United States. If you’re planning a trip, consider downloading a mobile app to identify charging station locations along your route or visit the EV charging station map available on the DOE website.

Read the U.S. Consumer’s Guide to Electric Vehicles to learn about the newest available models, driving range and charging time. Information in the Electric Cars Report and Green Car Reports also might be helpful as you shop for your EV.